• ^ "Pop-Metal Music Genre Overview".

  • ^ Whitesnake BRITS Profile BRIT Awards Ltd
  • ^ "Adult Contemporary Music Genre Overview".
  • ^ Brewster 2006:340–359 Whitney Houston was one of the best selling female artists of the decade in the US, behind Madonna and Barbra Streisand.

    Her eponymous debut studio album became the best-selling debut album by a female artist at the time, and her sophomore album, Whitney, became the first by a female debut at No. 1 in the history of the Billboard 200. She also became the first and only artist to chart seven consecutive number-one songs on the Billboard Hot 100.

    The Rock en Español movement began around the 1980s. Until the mid-80s the rock scene of most Spanish American countries were not connected, and it was rare for a rock band to gain acclaim and popularity outside its home country.

  • ^ "Hip Hop Pioneer Doug E.

    Fresh & Soca Sensation Machel Montano To Host 26th Int'l Reggae & World Music Awards (IRAWMA)".

    Archived from the original on 12 May 2011. Prominent American urban pop acts of the 1980s include Tina Turner, Lionel Richie, Michael Jackson, Donna Summer, Whitney Houston and Diana Ross


    African American artists like Lionel Richie and Prince went on to become some of the decade's biggest pop stars. Their commercial albums included 1999, Purple Rain, and Sign "O" the Times by Prince and Lionel Richie, Can't Slow Down, and Dancing on the Ceiling by Richie. The year 1986 brought forth several new artists who performed in traditional country styles, such as honky-tonk. This sparked the "new traditionalist" movement, or return to traditional country music.

    The most successful of these artists included Randy Travis, Dwight Yoakam, Ricky Van Shelton and Holly Dunn. Also, artists like Kathy Mattea and Keith Whitley, both of whom had been performing for a few years prior, had their first major hits during 1986; Mattea was more folk-styled, while Whitley was pure honky-tonk. But the new traditionalist movement had already taken hold as early as 1981, when newcomers such as Ricky Skaggs and George Strait had their first big hits.

    Reba McEntire had her first big hit in 1980 followed by 15 other number one hit singles during the decade. In addition, songwriter–guitarist and Chet Atkins prodigy Steve Wariner also emerged as a popular act starting in the early 1980s. Another boom period for newcomers with new traditionalist styles was 1989, when artists such as Clint Black, Garth Brooks, Mary Chapin Carpenter, Lorrie Morgan and Travis Tritt had their first big hits.

    It was Whitley who was seen as being one of the torchbearers of the new traditionalist movement, thanks to his pure honky-tonk style in the vein of Lefty Frizzell and others, and his star power was set to rise into the 1990s; however, Whitley was a known heavy drinker, and it was alcohol poisoning that ended his life in May 1989, just weeks after a song about triumph over personal demons -- " I'm No Stranger to the Rain"—became a huge country hit. In keeping with the neotraditonalist movement, Dolly Parton, Linda Ronstadt and Emmylou Harris teamed up to release 1987's Platinum selling Trio album. Composed mostly of traditional songs set to acoustic arrangements, the album won a Grammy in 1988 for best country collaboration. James encyclopedia of Pop Culture [ dead link] As the 1980s dawned, pop-influenced country music was the dominant style, through such acts as Kenny Rogers, Ronnie Milsap, T.

    Sheppard, Eddie Rabbitt, Crystal Gayle, Anne Murray and Dolly Parton. The 1980 movie Urban Cowboy, a romantic comedy starring John Travolta and Debra Winger, spawned a successful soundtrack album featuring pop-styled country songs, including " Lookin' for Love" by Johnny Lee, " The Devil Went Down to Georgia" by the Charlie Daniels Band, " Could I Have This Dance" by Murray and " Love the World Away" by Rogers

    . The songs, and the movie itself, resulted in an early 1980s boom in pop-styled country music, and the era is sometimes known as the "Urban Cowboy Movement".

  • ^ Grandmaster Flash (2009-02-23). "Grandmaster Flash: Interview". Archived from the original on 14 May 2011.

  • ^ "UK acts disappear from US charts", BBC News, http://news. Paula Abdul hit it big in 1988, with her debut album Forever Your Girl, she was the first female to have four number one singles from a debut album, and only the second artist ever; The Jackson 5 previously had done the same with their debut album.

    She had five top ten hits from the album.

  • ^ "OUP, retrieved 2007-11-05" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 8, 2012.

    Bibby, eds, Goth: Undead Subculture (Duke University Press, 2007).

  • ^ "Flashback: Queen Steal the Show at Live Aid". Madonna's [1] music videos were a permanent fixture on MTV in the 1980s, and she has become the most successful female singer of all time. The alterations of the English new wave movement, with its surprising variety of styles, arrived in Brazil through groups and personalities such as Blitz, Camisa de Vênus, Barão Vermelho, Kid Abelha, Paralamas do Sucesso, Ritchie [ pt], Lulu Santos, Rádio Táxi, Marina Lima, Engenheiros do Hawaii, RPM, Graffiti, Ultraje a Rigor, Legião Urbana, Ira!, Titãs, Capital Inicial, Nenhum de Nós, Biquini Cavadão, Lobão & Os Ronaldos, Léo Jaime, and inumerous others.

  • ^ "Whatever Happened To: The B-Listers of Hair Metal".

    Hesmondhaigh, "Indie: the institutional political and aesthetics of a popular music genre" in Cultural Studies, 13 (2002), p.

  • ^ Kent, David (1993).

    Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. St Ives, Sydney: Australian Chart Book.

    Note: Used for Australian Singles and Albums charting until ARIA created their own charts in mid-1988. Rock [ edit ]

  • ^ a b Pinheiro, Matheus (May 20, 2011). "Rockologia: Rock in Rio e o fim da Ditadura Militar"

    Música Pavê (in Portuguese).

    390 Europe [ edit ]

  • ^ "INXS > Charts & Awards > Billboard singles".

    By 1980, the prominent disco genre, largely dependent on orchestras, had become heavily unfavoured, replaced by a lighter synthpop production, which subsequently fuelled dance music. In the latter half of the 1980s, teen pop experienced its first wave, with bands and artists including Exposé, Debbie Gibson, Tiffany, New Edition, Stacey Q, The Bangles, New Kids on the Block, Madonna, George Michael, Laura Branigan, Boy George and others becoming teen idols. In addition to newcomer Whitley, top classic country and influential performers who died during the decade included Red Sovine, Whitey Ford, Marty Robbins, Merle Travis, Ernest Tubb, Wynn Stewart and Tex Williams.

    Although not directly associated with country music, Roy Orbison, a favorite of many country music fans and whose styles wound up being influential with many newcomers, died in 1988. Erlewine, All Music Guide to Rock: the Definitive Guide to Rock, Pop, and Soul (Milwaukee, WI: Backbeat Books, 3rd edn.

    , 2002), ISBN 0-87930-653-X, pp. The 1980s was a time of diversification, as popular salsa evolved into sweet and smooth salsa romantica, with lyrics dwelling on love and romance, and its more explicit cousin, salsa erotica.

    Salsa romantica can be traced back to Noches Calientes, a 1984 album by singer José Alberto with producer Louie Ramirez. A wave of romantica singers, found wide audience among Latinos in both New York and Puerto Rico. [61] The 1980s also saw salsa expand to Mexico, Argentina, Peru, Europe and Japan, and diversify into many new styles.

  • ^ Fikentscher, Kai (July–August 2000), "Youth's sonic forces: The club DJ: a brief history of a cultural icon", UNESCO Courier, UNESCO: 45
  • ^ "Queen win greatest live gig poll". 9 November 2005 In January 1985, the Rock in Rio festival took place in Rio de Janeiro, which brought together over one million people to the Cidade do Rock during the 10 days of the event, and is to this day the country's biggest and most influential festival.

    [57] It represents a milestone in freedom of expression, as in that same year the country saw the end of the dictatorship, [58] [59] and it is also responsible for establishing Brazil as a venue for international artists - as, so far, foreign attractions had been rarities. [58] [60] Salsa [ edit ]

  • Hill, Dave (1986). Designer Boys and Material Girls: Manufacturing the 80s Pop Dream. ISBN 0-7137-1857-9 The 1980s gave rise to the teenage groups Menudo, Timbiriche, and Los Chicos, as well as emerging teenage stars such as Luis Miguel and Alejandra Ávalos.

    [56] By 1988, however, the aforementioned Luis Miguel would transform into an adult superstar at age 18 with the hit La Incondicional (1989). Not too far behind was former Los Chicos' member Chayanne as he became a leading pop star by the end of the decade, with his 1987 hit Fiesta en America. As young stars begin to rise in Latin music, veterans such as Julio Iglesias, José José, Juan Gabriel, and José Luis Rodríguez El Puma continue their dominance in Latin music.

    1985 saw the worldwide breakthrough success of " Conga" by Gloria Estefan and Miami Sound Machine. Argentine-Venezuelan singer Ricardo Montaner joins those veterans with his 1988 hit Tan Enamorado. After the slow decline of Fania All-Stars, the new romantic genre of salsa romantica would rise beginning in 1984.

    Younger salseros such as Frankie Ruiz, Luis Enrique, and Eddie Santiago would take advantage of this new genre rising salsa to new heights. Tejano Music starts to give little rise after Mazz crosses over to Mexico after their albums Una Noche Juntos and No Te Olvidare win Grammys.

  • ^ "Wichita Eagle: Search Results".

    Prince was the decade's most prolific artist, not just by virtue of being the top charting artist in the US and worldwide. He was responsible for artists such as Vanity 6, for whom he wrote the dance chart topping "Nasty Girl"; Morris Day and the Time, for whom he wrote the top 20 "Jungle Love"; Sheila E. , for whom he wrote the top ten song " The Glamorous Life" and number 11 " A Love Bizarre"; and Wendy & Lisa and Apollonia 6.

    He wrote " I Feel for You" for Chaka Khan, which won him a Grammy for best R&B song; " Sugar Walls" for Sheena Easton; and as well as doing a duet with The Look, he wrote " Manic Monday", a number two pop hit for the Bangles. Artists that covered his music included Tom Jones, who brought his version of the song " Kiss" into the top 40 for the second time in the decade. Melissa Morgan brought her cover of " Do Me, Baby" to the top of the R&B charts in 1986.

    Other notable artists that covered Prince during the 1980s were The Pointer Sisters and Cyndi Lauper. [14] He also won an Academy Award for the song " Purple Rain". In 1989, Irish singer Sinead O'Connor would record a cover of his song " Nothing Compares 2 U", which would become the biggest song of the year worldwide in the new decade to follow.

    Prince had four number one singles and 14 top ten hits on the Hot 100 Chart. Ferstler, Encyclopedia of Recorded Sound, Volume 1 (New York, NY: CRC Press, 2nd edn.

  • ^ Bogdanov, Vladimir; Chris Woodstra, Stephen Thomas Erlewine (2003), The New Blue Music: Changes in Rhythm & Blues, 1950-1999, Hal Leonard, pp.  xi, 114, ISBN 978-0-87930-744-8
  • ^ "INXS discography"
    . Archived from the original on 2014-03-02.

    In 1989, Juan Luis Guerra scores a major Merengue hit with Ojala que llueva cafe.

    Several British artists made the successful transition to pop during the 1980s and saw great commercial success, such as David Bowie, Phil Collins, John Lennon, Billy Ocean, Sheena Easton and Paul McCartney. Many British pop bands also dominated the American charts in the early 1980s. Many of them became popular due to their constant exposure on MTV, these bands included The Human League, Culture Club, Duran Duran, and Wham!.

    Between the four, they have had 9 U. Number ones with hits like " Don't You Want Me Baby", " Karma Chameleon", " The Reflex" and " Wake Me Up Before You Go-Go" In the later part of the decade Rick Astley, George Michael as a solo artist, Terence Trent D'Arby, and Fine Young Cannibals all found chart success.

  • ^ "Rock in Rio: No dia que cai Ditadura, Barão Vermelho faz show histórico". Sidney Rezende (in Portuguese).
  • ^ "Soft Rock Music Genre Overview".

    The 1980s saw the reinvention of Michael Jackson, the superstardom of Prince, and the emergence of Madonna and Whitney Houston, who were all among the most successful musicians during this time. Htm Bruce Springsteen's Born In the USA, AC/DC's Back in Black, Def Leppard's Hysteria, and Bon Jovi's Slippery When Wet were some of the decade's biggest-selling albums on the Billboard Top 200 chart.

    American artists such as Michael Jackson, Madonna, Bruce Springsteen, Kool & the Gang, The Pointer Sisters, Billy Joel, Hall & Oates, Prince, Kenny Rogers and John Mellencamp, then known as John Cougar, ruled the charts throughout the decade in the US. [15] Prince, Madonna, Jackson, Joel and Springsteen along with U2, Dire Straits, Phil Collins, The Police, Queen, The Rolling Stones and Eurythmics achieved tremendous success worldwide.

    Shuker, Popular music: the key concepts (Routledge, 2005), p. Argentina, which had the largest national rock scene and music industry, became the birthplace of several influential rock acts.

    Soda Stereo from Buenos Aires is often acclaimed as the most influential rock band of the 80s alongside the solo careers of Charly García, Luis Alberto Spinetta and the new star Fito Páez from Rosario. Soda Stereo was among the first bands to successfully tour across most of Latin America. Argentina developed also during the 80s a ska rock and punk rock scene.

    The punk movement, that was pioneered by Los Violadores, led to the rise of the Buenos Aires Hardcore around 1990. Despite the prevailing pop country sound, enduring acts from the 1970s and earlier continued to enjoy great success with fans. George Jones, one of the longest-running acts of the time, recorded several successful singles, including the critically acclaimed " He Stopped Loving Her Today".

    Conway Twitty continued to have a series of No. 1 hits, with 1986's "Desperado Love" becoming his 40th chart-topper on the Billboard Hot Country Singles chart, a record that stood for nearly 20 years. The movie Coal Miner's Daughter profiled the life of Loretta Lynn (with Sissy Spacek in the lead role), while Willie Nelson also had a series of acting credits.

    Dolly Parton had much success in the 1980s, with several leading movie roles, two No. 1 albums and 13 number one hits, and having many successful tours; she also teamed up with Emmylou Harris and Linda Ronstadt in 1987 for the multi-plaitnum Trio album. Others who had been around for a while and continued to have great success were Eddy Arnold, Johnny Cash, Merle Haggard, Waylon Jennings, Ray Price, Hank Williams Jr. Rice, British Hit Singles (6th edn. Vocal duos were also popular because of their harmonies, most notably The Bellamy Brothers and The Judds. Several of the Bellamy Brothers' songs included double-entendre' laden hooks, on songs such as "Do You Love as Good As You Look".

    The Judds, a mother-and-daughter duo, combined elements of contemporary pop and traditional country music on songs such as "Why Not Me" and " Grandpa (Tell Me 'Bout the Good Ol' Days)".

  • ^ List of best-selling albums Kenny Rogers, 2004 In Chile, that was ruled by a military dictatorship all over the 80s, Nueva canción protest songs from the 60s and 70s maintained their popularity despite severe censorship. The progressive/folk rock band Los Jaivas made a Latin American trademark album with Alturas de Macchu Picchu [sic] based on Pablo Neruda's homonymous poem.

    The rock band Los Prisioneros were successful in combining the protest song atmosphere of the 80s with newer trends in rock including punk, ska, new wave and techno. In late 1980s new bands such as Los Tres and La Ley would start to set the trends for the next decade.

  • ^ "Who ruled the 80's:The 200 biggest artists of the decade in the USA".
  • ^ Like a Prayer (album)
  • ^ Gazzah, Miriam (2008), Rhythms and Rhymes of Life: music and Identification Processes of Dutch-Moroccan Youth, Amsterdam University Press, p.  98, ISBN 978-90-8964-062-8
  • ^ "You Win Again by Bee Gees - Songfacts".

    At the beginning of the 1980s, Australian artists like Olivia Newton-John, Men at Work, Air Supply and AC/DC all had chart success, later in the decade INXS scored hits. Olivia Newton-John's hit Physical would top the Hot 100 for 10 weeks and be the decade's biggest hit in the US, she would have six top ten singles during the 80s. 493–497 During the mid-1980s American pop singer Cyndi Lauper was considered [ by whom?] the "Voice of the MTV Generation of '80s" and so different visual style that made the world for teens.

    Her first two albums She's So Unusual (1984) and True Colors (1986) were critically and commercially successful, spawning the hits, " Girls Just Want to Have Fun", " Time After Time", " She Bop", " All Through the Night", " The Goonies 'R' Good Enough", " True Colors" and " Change of Heart".

  • ^ Cheers, Hazel (2010). "80's Music is Top of the Pops". By the mid-1980s, country music audiences were beginning to tire of country pop. Although some pop-country artists continued to record and release successful songs and albums, the genre in general was beginning to suffer.

    By 1985, a New York Times article declared country music "dead". However, by this time, several newcomers were working behind the scenes to reverse this perception.

  • ^ Savage, Mark (2008-08-29). Archived from the original on 24 November 2008. Lionel Richie teamed with Diana Ross to record one of the decade's biggest hits Endless Love, which top the Billboard charts for nine weeks. Other songs by Richie, such as All Night Long and Hello also top the charts, he would have a total of five number one hits, and 13 top ten singles.

    Diana Ross brought Upside Down to the top spot in 1980, she would have two number one singles, and eight top ten hits in the decade. Tina Turner would top the charts with "What's Love Got to Do With It", she scored a total of six top ten singles. Donna Summer's She Works Hard for the Money was a continuation of the feminist movement started in the 70s, and a rally cry for those who worked hard and wanted to be treated fairly.

    She would have five top ten singles in the decade.

  • ^ Collins, Glenn (1988-08-29). "Rap Music, Brash And Swaggering, Enters Mainstream".
  • ^ "10 maiores festivais de música do mundo". In the 1980s some performers experimented with combining elements of salsa with hip hop music, while the producer and pianist Sergio George helped to revive salsa's commercial success.

    He created a sound based on prominent trombones and rootsy, mambo-inspired style. He worked with the Japanese salsa band Orquesta de la Luz, and developed a studio orchestra that included Tito Nieves, Celia Cruz, José Alberto, La India, Tito Puente and Luis Enrique. The Colombian singer Joe Arroyo first rose to fame in the 1970s, but became a renowned exponent of Colombian salsa in the 1980s.

    Arroyo worked for many years with the Colombian arranger Fruko and his band Los Tesos

    . [62] Merengue [ edit ]
  • ^ Reynolds 1999:12–40
  • ^ "Alejandra Ávalos es madrina delujo en plaza de las estrellas".

  • ^ a b c d Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. " American Alternative Rock/Post-Punk".
  • ^ a b c d e f g h Rip It Up and Start Again Postpunk 1978-1984 by Simon Reynolds Pages 340,342-343
  • ^ D. Weinstein, Heavy Metal: The Music and its Culture (Cambridge MA: Da Capo, 2000), ISBN 0-306-80970-2, p.

    Com/music/lists/15-great-prince-songs-that-were-hits-for-other-artists-20160421. Australia and New Zealand [ edit ]

  • ^ a b [1]
  • ^ a b Christgau, Robert (1990).

  • ^ Manuel, Popular Music of the Non-Western World, pg. 49
  • ^ Anderson, Kyle (July 20, 2009). "Michael Jackson's Thriller Set To Become Top-Selling Album Of All Time". Archived from the original on 9 January 2010. Michael Jackson, along with Prince, was the first African American artist to have his music videos placed in heavy rotation on MTV, with his videos for the songs “ Beat It,” and “ Billie Jean” (additionally, Donna Summer placed the first two videos by an African American female artist with " She Works Hard for the Money" and " Unconditional Love", all in 1983). Jackson's Thriller album from 1982 is the best-selling album of all time, selling 25 million copies during the decade.

    His other album, 1987’s Bad, has the honour of being the first album in history to have 5 number-one singles on the Billboard Hot 100. Its accompanying world tour also made history by being the highest-grossing tour by a solo artist in the 1980s, as well as the highest-grossing tour at the time. In addition to being the biggest selling artist of the decade, Jackson had nine number-one singles, more that any other act during the decade, and spent the longest time at number one (27 weeks), throughout the 1980s.

    He also won numerous awards, in retrospect such as “Artist of the Decade” and “Artist of the Century. ” He was arguably the biggest star of the 1980s. [11]

  • ^ [2] Madonna was the most successful female artist of the decade.

    Her third studio album, True Blue, became the best-selling female album of the 1980s. [12] Other Madonna albums from the decade include Like a Virgin, which became one of the best selling albums of all-time, and Like a Prayer, which was called "as close to art as pop music gets" by Rolling Stone. Madonna made music videos a marketing tool and was among the first to make them an art form.

    Many of her songs topped the Charts around the world, such as: " Like a Virgin", " Papa Don't Preach", " La Isla Bonita" and " Like a Prayer". After her Like a Prayer album release in 1989, Madonna was named artist of the decade by a number of magazines and awards

    . [13]
  • ^ "Artist Chart History - INXS - Albums".

    The salsa music had developed in the 1960s and '70s by Puerto Rican and Cuban immigrants to the New York City area but did not enter into mainstream popularity in Latin America until the late 1980s. The salsa music became together with cumbia the two most popular dance music but did not penetrate other countries outside the Caribbean as cumbia did. Merengue music would hit its golden years during the 1980s starting in the late 70s with acts such as Wilfrido Vargas, Johnny Ventura, and Fernando Villalona.

    Their orchestras would also churn future solo acts such as Eddy Herrera and Rubby Perez. By the end of the decade, La Coco Band would reinvent merengue with a more comedic style. Ranking just behind Alabama in popularity, as far as groups were concerned, were The Oak Ridge Boys and The Statler Brothers, both four-part harmony groups with gospel and country-pop stylings.

    The popularity of those three groups sparked a boom in new groups and bands, and by the end of the 1980s, fans were listening to such acts as Restless Heart and Exile, the latter which previously enjoyed success with the pop hit " Kiss You All Over".

  • ^ "Rock in Rio: Todo mundo junto!". Superinteressante (in Portuguese). In Brazil, even though the 1960s witnessed the phenomenon of Jovem Guarda and the 1970s saw the appearance of many prolific artists, like Raul Seixas, and bands like Os Mutantes, Brazilian rock's explosion began in 1981 with the first expressions of the Brazilian new wave, later renamed the New Jovem Guarda by the media.

  • ^ a b c d e Ripani, Richard J. (2006), The New Blue Music: Changes in Rhythm & Blues, 1950-1999, Univ.

     130–155, 186–188, ISBN 1-57806-862-2

  • ^ Sicko 1999 Country music groups and bands continued to rise in popularity during the 1980s
    . The most successful of the lot was Alabama, a Fort Payne-based band that blended traditional and pop country sounds with southern rock. Their concerts regularly sold out, while their single releases regularly reached No.

    1 on the Billboard Hot Country Songs chart. In 1989, Alabama was named the Artist of the Decade by the Academy of Country Music. By the end of the 1980s, the group had sold more than 24 million albums in the United States. Christe Sound of the Beast: The Complete Headbanging History of Heavy Metal (London: HarperCollins, 2003), ISBN 0-380-81127-8, p.

  • ^ Holden, Stephen (June 15, 1988). "The Pop Life" – via NYTimes.

  • ^ "New Wave Music Genre Overview".