This put a stop to a remarkable run of success that truly transformed the face of pop music in the sixties and influenced the music industry for decades to come. First we have a four bar instrumental introduction which creates an anticipatory feeling. We then dive headlong into the first exciting verse with its’ question/answer delivery, which comprises 16 bars.
The second 16 bar verse follows immediately afterwards which alter the lyrics only in the second half of the verse. The bridge then follows, which is actually a two-part section of the song that totals 14 bars. The first eight bars comprise the instrumental ‘solo’ section of the song, while the remaining six bars contain the climatic vocal arpeggio of the song, which lead directly back into the third verse, which is identical to the first verse.
The history of “Twist And Shout” begins with the impressive career of songwriter/producer Bert Russell (aka Bert Berns). He can easily be called a pioneer in rock and roll as well as soul music in the sixties. A unique aspect of The Beatles version of “Twist And Shout” as compared to the Isley Brothers version is that The Beatles transform the song from a pop/R&B performance with a touch of Latin influence into the hardest rock and roll record The Beatles recorded thus far.
Gone was the brass instrumental ‘solo’ section of the song, replacing it with guitar. Gone was the R&B sounding answer harmonies, replacing it with British accents. Gone was the repeated ‘vamping’ vocals at the end of the song, replacing it with a second arpeggio and stage conclusion.
While the Isley Brothers impressively took the “twist” craze into a more respectable R&B categorization, The Beatles took the same classic song into rock and roll where it will forever be. Incredibly, The Beatles performed "Twist And Shout" a total of 18 times on TV around the world. "The Mersey Sound" (filmed Aug.
"Ready, Steady, Go!" (mimed live Oct. "Val Parnell's Sunday Night At The London Palladium" (mimed live Oct. "Royal Command Performance" (filmed Nov. "It's The Beatles!" (filmed and broadcast Dec. "Thank Your Lucky Stars" (mimed Dec. "Val Parnell's Sunday Night At The London Palladium" (Jan. "The Ed Sullivan Show" (filmed Feb. "Big Beat '64" (filmed April 26th aired May 10th, 1964 U. " Around The Beatles" (mimed April 28th aired May 6th, 1964 U. "The Beatles In Nederland" (filmed June 5th aired June 8th, 1964 The Netherlands) 16. "The Beatles Sing For Shell" (filmed June 17th aired July 1st, 1964 Australia) 17.
"Les Beatles" (filmed June 20th aired Oct. "The Beatles At Shea Stadium" (filmed Aug.
15th, 1965 first aired March 1st, 1966 in U.
As stated earlier, Capitol Records gained possession of the song in October of 1964. The first appearance in any form on Capitol was a partial version of the song as they performed it at the Hollywood Bowl on the double documentary album “ The Beatles’ Story. ” This was taken from their August 23rd, 1964 performance, which is not available anywhere else but on this album.
Although it’s only a partial version of the song, it is noteworthy because of its rarity. Surprisingly, "The Beatles' Story" was also released on compact disc on January 21st. , 2014, but only as contained in the 13 album box set "The U. " They continued on RCA for a couple of years but were not able to even match the success of “Shout” so they signed with Scepter/Wand Records in 1962.
Bert Berns then gave his co-written composition “Twist And Shout” to the Isleys as their first release on the label. The Isleys thought the song was too pop oriented for them, but relented and followed the lead of Bert Berns as his production of the song led to the groups’ first top 40 hit, reaching number 17 on the Billboard pop charts in the summer of 1962. On February 26th, 1987, the first official Beatles compact disc was released which happened to contain "Twist And Shout.
" This CD, the original British " Please Please Me" album, was at first only issued in mono, but on September 9th, 2009, the newly re-mastered stereo edition was released. Being that “Twist And Shout” came up slightly short of being a number one hit, it failed to make the groundbreaking Capitol album “ Beatles 1” in 2000. However, the song can be found on the box set "The Capitol Albums, Vol.
2” in both stereo and mono, which was released on April 11th, 2006. The next release of the song was the historic live version The Beatles recorded at the Royal Command Performance at London’s Prince Of Wales Theatre before an affluent audience of royalty on November 4th, 1963. This was released on November 21st, 1995 on the album “Anthology 1.
” Also included with this recording was Lennon’s request to the audience, “ Would the people in the cheaper seats clap your hands? And the rest of you, if you’ll just rattle your jewelry. ” As touring continued throughout 1964 and 1965, “Twist And Shout” continued to be featured, now opting to open each concert with the song instead of closing with it. This continued through until their North American Tour in the summer of 1965.
By the time of their last British tour starting in December of 1965, the song was permanently dropped from their set list, replaced with another American cover tune, “ Dizzy Miss Lizzy. ” When asked at the beginning of the tour why “Twist And Shout” was no longer being performed, Lennon answered, ”We’ve been doing it for years.
” Apart from the partial impromptu jam of the song on January 8th, 1969 during rehearsals for the “Get Back” project, the final date on their 1965 American Summer Tour at the Cow Palace in San Francisco, California on August 31st appears to be the last official Beatles performance of “Twist And Shout. ” Their May British tour headlining with Roy Orbison also featured the song, as well as the rest of their concert dates throughout 1963, including the most noteworthy 1963 Royal Command Performance on November 4th at the Prince of Wales’ Theatre. “Twist And Shout” was the third of three songs they performed on that historic day, which included the rehearsed but comedic “ rattle your jewelry” introduction by Lennon.
September 9th, 2009 saw the next US release of the song on the box set “The Beatles In Mono,” which included the entire Beatles catalog that was originally mixed in mono but in a cleaner re-mastered condition. What seems incredibly fortuitous is how his voice cracked habitually on the ‘one’ beat of the measure, usually on the word “ baby.
” Ironically, the imperfections in Lennon’s vocals on this track led to him performing the ‘perfect’ vocals possible for the song. When his pitch started to waver, such as at the beginning of the first trademark arpeggio, the nearly perfect layers of harmonies from George and then Paul covered for it and then climaxed into ‘whoops’ and screams which made it an excited transition into the final verse. And when Lennon finally hit his vocal limit during the closing “ shake it, shake it baby” lines, it only added to the ‘wild abandon’ feeling that helped define rock and roll.
John even quietly acknowledges his vocal accomplishment by uttering a sigh of pain discernable in the final seconds of the song. Ironically, Lennon said over a decade later that he was “always bitterly ashamed” of his vocal work on the song, feeling that he “could sing it better than that. ” T he next release of the song was actually not on a Beatles album, but on the soundtrack for the documentary film “ Imagine: John Lennon.
” The double album (or single CD), released on October 10th, 1988, featured highlights of his career with The Beatles as well as his solo career. The album peaked at number 31 on the Billboard album charts and remains in print to this day. After his return from Cuba in 1960, he returned to New York and started working as a songwriter with the Brill Building group under the hire of Bobby Mellin.
His first noteworthy composition was his collaboration with Phil Medley on the Latin-influenced song “Twist And Shout,” which was written to capitalize on the huge “twist” dance craze that began in 1960. Phil Medley’s other claim to fame was his song “A Million To One” recorded by Jimmy Charles & the Revelletts with the Phil Medley Orchestra, which peaked at number five on the Billboard charts in 1960. Capitol reissued the "Twist And Shout/ There's A Place" single once again, but this time under the Cema Series primarily for jukeboxes.
This unique release of the song on March 10th, 1993 was on pink vinyl, which is becoming more and more of a collectors' item. As The Beatles crossed shores into America, they continued to display the songs’ raucous features in their live performances. In February 1964, they pre-recorded the song for an Ed Sullivan Show episode and performed the song at both the Washington Coliseum and Carnegie Hall, New York.
They finally began to get away from closing their shows with the song, deciding instead to follow “Twist And Shout” with the unreleased Little Richard classic “ Long Tall Sally. ” In 1963, Bert took over the role as resident songwriter/producer of Atlantic Records from Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller, and involved himself in every aspect of the recorded product; from finding the singers, working with them in the studio, all the way to overseeing the final product. In this capacity, he worked at launching and stabilizing the careers of such acts as The Drifters, Barbara Lewis, Solomon Burke and Ben E. The song was left off of the “1962 – 1966” greatest hits package of 1973 (aka, the “Red Album") because of it not being an original Beatles composition, but the companion double-album of June 1976, “ Rock ‘n’ Roll Music,” featured the song as its’ opening track. George Martin created a new mix of the song for this release.
Their March 1963 British tour with headliners Tommy Roe and Chris Montez also featured the recently recorded song. (Since the album wasn’t released in Britain until March 22nd, the audiences for most of this tour were still hearing an unreleased song. ) Since The Beatles were getting applause on a greater scale than both of the tour’s headliners, tour manager Arthur Howes had the running order of the show changed to allow for The Beatles, as well as “Twist And Shout,” to close the show.
The first US exposure to “Twist And Shout” by The Beatles was on the Vee Jay album “ Introducing…The Beatles,” released on January 10th, 1964. The next release was actually a re-release of the ninth release. The “Rock ‘n’ Roll Music” double album of 1976 became two single albums, the first one titled “ Rock ‘n’ Roll Music Volume 1,” featuring “Twist And Shout” as its lead off track.
This was released on October 27th, 1980. The Isley Brothers, whose version of “Twist And Shout” The Beatles based their version on, have a long standing career which actually spans six decades. This makes them the longest-running charted group in music history.
Going through multiple generations of members based with the original three brother line-up of Ronald, Rudolph and O’Kelly Jr. , the Cincinnati, Ohio based group spanned many genres of music, including gospel, doo-op, R&B, soul, funk, rock, adult contemporary and even hip-hop. They paved the way for artists to open their own record label, as they used the proceeds from the success of “Twist And Shout” to start their own T-Neck Records in 1965, even beating out The Beatles Apple Records by three years.
Bert was born in the Bronx, New York, on November 8th, 1929, to Russian Jewish immigrants. His first introduction to music was studying classical piano when quite young. He contracted rheumatic fever as a child, but developed an intense love for music of all kinds, including soul, gospel, blues and Latin salsa music, which eventually led him to working in nightclubs in Cuba.
In order to complete the picture, it must be mentioned that Lennon’s rhythm guitar work, while not magnificent in itself, was performed simultaneously with his exceptional vocal delivery. That is a true indication of a talented musician and performer. If, when you’re physically tired and sick, you can pull off the performance of a lifetime vocally and simultaneously play top-notch rhythm guitar, it is truly a feat in itself.
Proving that you can’t keep a good song down, the song had a resurgence of popularity in 1986 by being featured in two very successful movies simultaneously. Matthew Broderick lip-synced the song in the hugely successful film “Ferris Bueller’s Day Off,” while Rodney Dangerfield sang (sort of) the song in his film “Back To School. ” All this attention led to Capitol Records re-releasing the single, which propelled the song back up the Billboard charts, peaking at number 23.
After his first success with writing the 1961 song “A Little Bit Of Soap” by the Jarmels, which peaked at number 12 on the Billboard charts, Bert turned his attention back to “Twist and Shout. ” The group the Isley Brothers were then a struggling rhythm and blues act signed to Wand Records who were dying to have their first top 40 hit. Bert thought to give the song to the Isley Brothers to record in 1962, but this time produce the recording himself.
This proved to be the initial success of the song, peaking at number 17 on the Billboard pop charts and launching the successful career of the Isley Brothers. The music of the Isley Brothers has been covered by numerous artists, such as Rod Stewart, Michael Bolton, The Who, The Supremes, Vanessa L. Williams, and sampled by Gwen Stefani, Ice Cube, The Notorious B. And The Beastie Boys among others.
The Isley Brothers were inducted into the Rock And Roll Hall Of Fame in 1992, as well as the Vocal Group Hall Of Fame in 2003. Original member Ronald Isley has been a member of the group throughout its’ charted success, from “Shout” in 1959, through “Contagious” in 2001 and to the present. The impact of the Isley Brothers has been and will be felt in the music industry for many decades to come.
The most noteworthy performance of course goes to John Lennon for his ground-breaking vocal work. The key they had learned the song in was at the top of his vocal range, so Lennon knew it would be a challenge from the beginning knowing the condition of his throat at the time. This proved to be greatly advantageous, giving a rough and uninhibited quality to his vocal performance, creating a blueprint for all rock and roll acts to mimic.
The next release of the song was as a live version that was originally recorded on August 30th, 1965 at the Hollywood Bowl. The Capitol album “The Beatles At The Hollywood Bowl” was released on May 4th, 1977 and, since a resurgence in Beatles popularity was under way, ended up peaking at number two on the Billboard album charts. This album was eventually remastered by Giles Martin and re-released on September 9th, 2016 with the title "Live At The Hollywood Bowl," "Twist And Shout" still being the opening track of the album.
“Twist And Shout” was first recorded and released as a B-side by the Atlantic Records signed group the Top Notes in 1961. The song was produced by the newly acquired Atlantic producer, Phil Spector, although Bert was very unhappy with his production of the song, saying that he ‘messed it up. ’ Their first success was with what became an R&B classic, the self-penned “ Shout,” which was also performed by The Beatles during their early Hamburg/Cavern years as well as on their British television special “Around The Beatles.
” (This version appears on The Beatles album “Anthology 1. ”) As the Isleys’ were opening for Jackie Wilson on a tour, Ronald Isley spontaneously and excitedly went into a gospel routine with his brothers while Jackie Wilson was performing. Ronald was yelling out, “ you know you make me want to shout,” which was heard by an RCA Records scout that was in the audience.
They were then signed to RCA records and recorded their self-penned “Shout,” which peaked at number 47 on the Billboard pop charts. The song eventually reached the top ten in the US (by Joey Dee and The Starlighters), and in the UK (by Lulu). On June 30th, 1992, Capitol released the box set “Compact Disc EP Collection,” which featured the original British EP “Twist And Shout” as it came out on July 12th, 1963.
Both George and Paul play their respective instruments with well rehearsed accuracy and enthusiasm. Both their harmonies, while not major ‘attention-getters’ for the song, are essential ingredients that add the needed flavor and excitement to the overall performance. Not a hint of faltering can be found in their ‘spot-on’ two part harmonies as well as their “ woo” accents after every eight bars of each verse.
As far as BBC radio performances are concerned, there were nine. The first was recorded on November 27th, 1962, which is their first officially documented performance of the song (although sources claim it was performed in their stage act prior to this date). It was aired on the BBC show “The Talent Spot” on December 4th.
The next recording for the BBC was on April 18th, 1963, which was a live performance for the show “Swinging Sound ‘63. ” May 21st saw the song performed for the show “Steppin’ Out,” although the song was not broadcast. June 17th saw the recording of the song for the show “Pop Go The Beatles,” which aired on June 25th.
On July 16th, they recorded it once again for “Pop Go The Beatles,” which aired on August 6th. The next day (July 17th), they recorded the song for “Easy Beat,” which broadcast on July 21st. On July 30th, they recorded the song for “Saturday Club,” which aired on August 24th.
August 1st saw them record the song for another “Pop Go The Beatles” show that aired on August 27th. Their last BBC recording was on September 3rd, 1963 for another “Pop Go The Beatles” that aired on September 24th. In 1982, the Collectables record label released a single featuring the Hamburg, Germany version of the song as the B-side to the Lennon / McCartney original " Ask Me Why," which was also recorded on the same date in Hamburg.
This short-lived single therefore became the next release of "Twist And Shout. " On November 11th, 2013, the album " On Air - Live At The BBC Volume 2" was released which featured an unheard version of "Twist And Shout" recorded on July 16th, 1963 for the radio program "Pop Go The Beatles. " The clarity of this recording, as well as the flawless performance, makes this album a must-have for true Beatles fans.
1981 saw the next release of the song on an album titled "Live 1962, Hamburg Germany" on the Hall Of Music label. This live performance took place on December 31st, 1962 in Hamburg and was originally recorded from the audience with a portable Grundig reel-to-reel tape recorder. Also of interest is an eight minute "Techniscope" color newsreel entitled "The Beatles Come To Town" which was seen in British movie theaters before the feature film was shown.
The sequence that featured "Twist And Shout," along with " She Loves You," was filmed during their concert at the ABC Cinema in Lancashire on November 20th, 1963. British theaters featured this newsreel the week of December 22nd, 1963. The concert footage of these two songs were later incorporated into a 70 minute 1965 feature film entitled "Pop Gear" in Britain and " Go Go Mania" in America.
“Twist And Shout” had quite a long performance history for The Beatles. Although the Isley Brothers' single sold very poorly in Britain, The Beatles picked up on it shortly after its U.
Release in the summer of 1962, undoubtedly becoming acquinted with it while filing through new releases at Brian Epstein's NEMS record department. They consistently included the song in their stage act well into their national discovery and American “Beatlemania,” still performing it in their Summer 1965 North American Tour, including their performance at Shea Stadium. Capitol then released “Twist And Shout” on their album “The Early Beatles” in March of 1965.
Capitalizing on it being a huge US hit, they positioned it as the second song on side one. This album then appeared on an individual CD on January 21st, 2014, this CD containing both the mono and stereo mixes on one disc. This was the seventh release of the song, followed by its release as a Capitol single on their Starline budget label on October 11th, 1965.
Unfortunately, their career continued to flounder afterwards, as all of their following releases on Wand Records failed to make a dent on the pop charts. Even their self-penned original version of “Nobody But Me,” which eventually became a number eight hit by the Human Beinz in 1968, failed to make an impact for them. They then took the money made from “Twist And Shout” and formed an independent label T-Neck Records and, in 1965, started releasing singles featuring an unknown guitarist Jimmy James, whose real name was Jimi Hendrix.
They also tried a stint with Motown Records, which did return them briefly to the top 40 with their Tamla hit “This Old Heart Of Mine (Is Weak For You),” peaking at number 12 on the Billboard pop charts. Motown’s attention was instead primarily focused on their previously established acts, such as The Temptations and The Supremes, so the Isleys re-established T-Neck Records in 1968 as a subsidiary of Buddah Records. Ringo rocks the drums the hardest on “Twist And Shout” as compared to any other song on the album.
The appropriate drum fills, as well as knowing when to effectively ride on either the high-hat or ride cymbal, gives the song its’ hard drive from beginning to end. The tight accents Ringo performs, such as during both arpeggios and the songs’ conclusion, show how rehearsal always equates to perfection, remembering this was the bands’ first attempt of the song that day. With these accomplishments under his belt, Bert’s career as a songwriter and producer continued to flourish.
His songwriting achievements include “Tell Him” by The Exciters, “ Killer Joe” by The Rocky Fellers, “Hello Walls” by Little Esther Phillips, “I Want Candy” by The Strangeloves and eventually Bow Bow Bow, “Here Comes The Night” by Them (featuring Van Morrison), “Hang On Sloopy” by The McCoys (featuring Rick Derringer ) and “Piece Of My Heart” by Emma Franklin, Big Brother and the Holding Company (featuring Janis Joplin) and eventually Faith Hill. Also released around this date was a fourteen-track sampler of the above album for promotional purposes, "Twist And Shout" being included therein. Through to this point, the structure of the song is identical to the Isley Brothers hit which is the version that influenced The Beatles to perform this song.
At this point in the song, The Beatles adapt the Isley’s version in order to create a fitting resolve to the song suitable to performing it on stage. This was necessary because of the fade out ‘vamping’ that completes the song on the Isley Brothers record. The Beatles go into six bars of ‘vamping’ to simulate what the Isley’s did to end their version of the song, but then go into an additional five bars to partially repeat the climatic arpeggio before creating a rousing resolve accented with tight triplets.
Sometime in 1967, Capitol released Beatles music on a brand new but short-lived format called "Playtapes. " These tape cartidges did not have the capability to include entire albums, so two truncated four-song versions of "The Early Beatles" were released in this portable format, "Twist And Shout" being on one of these. These "Playtapes" are highly collectable today.
As time progressed, it can be noted that The Beatles learned quite a lot from their recording of “Twist And Shout” that translated well into their own compositions. No other song was recorded with this intensity by The Beatles up to this time, but this milestone would soon be repeated and maintained throughout their career. Would the intensity of “ Revolution,” “ Helter Skelter” or “ I Want You (She’s So Heavy)” ever been if it wasn’t for “Twist And Shout” before it? How about the question/answer harmony vocals of “ I’m Down” or “ With A Little Help From My Friends?” One can only speculate, but upon examination of The Beatles catalog, you can see how their songwriting grew and expanded as well as noticing the similarities with the classic, “Twist And Shout.
” As for The Beatles performance of the song, all four members of the group are at their peak, which is an understatement when you consider the ‘chills down the spine’ sensation the song creates. One can only imagine being in the studio to hear this actual ‘once in a lifetime’ performance as it happened. Those who were there attest to the excitement created by four guys who, after recording for over 12 hours with hardly a break, perform what is arguably the finest performance of their career.
McCartney himself even shouts a congratulatory “ yeah” at the end of the song, acknowledging that something exceptionally great has just happened. By 1969, after recruiting younger brothers Ernie and Marvin as musical members of the group, they had their biggest hit to date, the funk anthem “It’s Your Thing,” which reached number two on the Billboard pop charts as well as number one on the Black Singles chart. Their success continued throughout the sixties, seventies and eighties scoring eight more top 40 singles all on their own T-Neck record label.
Hits include “ That Lady (Part 1),” peaking at number 6, “Fight The Power – Part 1,” peaking at number 4, and the Steven Stills classic “Love The One You’re With,” which peaked at number 18. They also acquired a total of seven number 1 hits on the R&B charts, including a duet with R. Kelly called “Down Low (Nobody Has To Know)” in 1996.
Their 2001 hit “Contagious,” which hit number 19 on the Billboard pop charts, makes a total of five decades of top 40 hits for the Isley Brothers career to date. On February 9th, 1964, The Beatles taped three songs in the Ed Sullivan Studios to be aired two weeks later on the February 23rd Ed Sullivan Show. The first of those three songs was “Twist And Shout.
” With this in mind, Vee Jay records thought to release the song as a new single. They released this single as the first release on their newly formed Tollie Records subsidiary. The song reached number two on the Billboard pop charts and would no doubt have topped the charts if it hadn’t been for the March release of their second Capitol Records single “ Can’t Buy Me Love,” which leaped to number one in its’ second week on the charts.
The next US release of the song occurred in August of 1964 with the re-release of the Tollie single on the Vee Jay “ Oldies 45” label. It was then released on October 1st, 1964 on the Vee Jay double-album “ The Beatles vs. The Four Seasons,” which coupled the “ Introducing…The Beatles” album with “The Golden Hits of the Four Seasons.
” The next appearance came less than two weeks later with another repackage of the Vee Jay album under the name “Songs, Pictures And Stories Of The Fabulous Beatles, ” released on October 12th, 1964. This song was primarily only written with verses, which make it unique on this album as well as the entire Beatles catalog. For the sake of continuity, we will refer to the instrumental ‘solo’ section, as well as the vocal arpeggio of the song, as the bridge, since it separates the second and third verses and relieves the tension created in the first two verses.
This will then put the song in the same general structure as most of the rest of the album, namely 'verse /verse /bridge /verse' (or aaba). But there is more here than meets the eye. Paul then paid a surprise visit to Bruce Springsteen and The E.
Street Band's performance at the 2012 Hard Rock Calling show to perform two songs, " I Saw Her Standing There" and “Twist And Shout. ” Interestingly, when Paul sang lead on a few of the verses, he habitually got the words wrong. We can forgive him since he never sang lead vocals on the song until this day.
Realizing early on the rousing effect the song had in their Cavern and Hamburg performances, it quickly became a favorite to close their shows. By the time of their first British tour with Helen Shapiro in February of 1963, they thought to include this yet-to-be recorded song in their abbreviated set list because, as Beatles biographer Hunter Davies described it, “it was perhaps the most out-and-out wild rock-and-roll song they ever sang. ” 1964 saw them continue to feature the song, such as at their three-week engagement at the Olympia theatre in Paris, France.
Starting on January 15th, they played to lukewarm audiences made up mostly of boys who, reportedly, only wanted to hear rock and roll numbers, most notably, “Twist And Shout. ” After the song was played, many in these audiences would yell “Un autre! Un autre!. ” One further noteworthy performance of the song was on February 19th, 1987 by an impromptu group posthemously called " The Silver Wilburys.
" This one-time jam took place at the Palomino Club in Hollywood, California with George Harrison, John Fogerty and Bob Dylan on stage. Their 15 song set ended with a medley of "Twist And Shout" and "La Bamba.