The bass plays a downward run in the seventh and eighth measures to bring in the full drum kit which starts in the ninth measure. George’s guitar is discerned first in the tenth measure with its downward sliding lick while the bass and drums cut out in the fifteenth through seventeenth measures to highlight the segue into the refrain with the lyrics “ You say goodbye, while I say hello. ” The second verse comes next which contains a few arrangement differences from the first verse.
The violas play an answering melody line to Paul’s vocals in the first six measures and then play the descending riff that Paul played on the bass in the first verse during the seventh and eighth measures. The fifteenth through seventeenth measures feature some cymbal accents from Ringo to go along with the prominent percussion heard there. Then, on November 1st, 1967, a fourth tape reduction was made for the song, undoubtedly because Paul wanted to add yet another overdub and the tape was once again full.
This being the fourth tape reduction, it needed to be done with great care because of the possibility of an excessive amount of hiss and/or background noise being left on the tape. Four attempts were made, numbered ‘takes 22 through 25,’ the first try being the best. This masterful job was performed by George Martin and engineers Geoff Emerick and Graham Kirkby in the control room of EMI Studio Three sometime between 2:30 and 6 pm on this day.
The song’s name was, by the way, finally changed to “Hello Goodbye” at this point. All of these overdubs apparently needed to be complete because session musicians were hired for the following day, October 20th, 1967, for further work on the song. The Beatles met this time in EMI Studio Three at 7 pm or so to oversee this overdub session.
First off, three flautists recorded an overdub for the previously recorded song “ The Fool On The Hill,” this followed by two viola players, Ken Essex and Leo Birnbaum, who were to record their overdub onto what was still known as “Hello Hello. ” “Ou tro 2,” or the “Maori Finale,” as they called it, spanned thirty-four measures and consisted of Paul, John and George harmonizing “ Hayla, Heba Helloah” over and over with all Beatles instrumentation to the fore, including a see-sawing lead guitar line from George. Paul adds vocal accents like “ Cha, cha, cha” and “ whooahhh” while the tambourine, maracas, conga drums and extra piano are punched up in the mix until it all fades into the sunset.
Beatles associate Pete Shotton relates: “Our old Liverpool friend, Bill Turner, happened to drop by 94 Baker Street on the afternoon that Paul breezed into the offices to play us the acetate of The Beatles’ new single, ‘Hello Goodbye. ’ As soon as the song was over, all the employees gushed forth with superlatives like, ‘Wonderful!’ ‘Lovely!’ and, ‘Ooh, Paul. It’s so fantastic!’ Noticing that Bill had failed to join in this chorus, Paul demanded, ‘Well, what did you think, William?’ ‘Well, to be honest with you,’ Bill said, ‘I thought it was a bit repetitious, really, and not one of your best records.
’ Paul was visibly taken aback. Whatever the merits of ‘Hello Goodbye,’ it was clear that none of Paul’s friends or associates had bared to speak to him like that in years. ” This fourth refrain starts out similar to the first and third refrains but then, starting from the seventh measure, John’s organ is added prominently holding out chords as a nice filler.
This refrain is only twelve measures long this time around, which is immediately followed by what we call here “outro 1,” which turns out to be fourteen measures long. The first six measures of this section is a repeat of the first six measures of the refrain, but then it segues directly into a descending chord pattern to what appears to be the ending of the song. Paul’s slowed down notes during his last “ hello-o-o” gives the impression that we’ve heard all there is to hear.
But that is not the case at all! The fourth verse is then heard which is lyrically a repeat of the first verse. However, the arrangement and instrumentation is drastically different than the first verse. John’s pulsing organ is now high up in the mix while Ringo throws in some more drum fills in the first eight measures.
John and George’s background vocals kick in again, but this time in an answering fashion to Paul’s lyrics. “ I say yes, but I mean no…I can stay until it’s time to go,” they insist. The violas come in with a up-and-down melody line in the ninth and tenth measures and then drone in a single quarter-note pattern in the thirteenth and fourteenth measures.
They violas then hold out a single note in the fifteenth through seventeenth measures while Ringo once again adds a nice drum fill to lead into the final refrain that follows. Interestingly, the arrangement was fully decided upon right from the beginning, especially evident by the presence of the reprise ending, nicknamed the “Maori Finale,” even on the first take. (Upon listening to this first take, it’s obvious that this “Maori Finale” was worked out ahead of time and not adlibbed as many writers suggest.
) Having all four tracks of the tape filled, a tape reduction needed to be made in order to create space for future overdubs, such as all of the vocals. Two attempts were made at creating this tape reduction; “take 16” now considered the recording onto which these overdubs will eventually be made. The session ended at 2:30 am the next morning, having completed the rhythm track on what would be their next chart topping single.
The refrain is fourteen measures long and features various distinctive features in contrast with the verse that it follows. George’s distorted lead guitar lines ascend up the scales repeatedly except for the final line in the twelfth verse which descends into a bluesy run. John’s organ can quietly heard for the first time in this refrain while Ringo purposely omits the use of cymbals and focuses the simple beat on his toms.
The maracas add the little treble necessary to fill out the highs in this section as Paul’s double-tracked lead vocals are still in the forefront without any need of background vocals. As for the third clip, “The Beatles Chronicle” describes it as “a combination of outtakes from the first two films and footage from what was clearly a third shoot, The Beatles – especially John – frantically and hilariously doing the twist in front of a blackcloth comprising red and yellow diamond / square shapes. ” Interestingly, there was yet another drum set used in this sequence, described in the book “Beatles Gear” as “a very big silver-sparkle four-piece set, custom-ordered from Ludwig, without a Beatles logo.
It had a 28 x 14 high-tension bass-drum, 20 x 18 floor tom, 16 x 11 rack tom, and 20-inch snare. ‘It was giant!’ Starr recalled. ‘But I couldn’t play it: I couldn’t get my legs around the snare.
We used some of the drums later for overdubs on a few songs. ’” Pieces of this drum kit eventually became part of Ringo’s private collection for decades. As for the footage using this giant drum kit, it’s quite humorous to see Ringo attempting to recreate his drum fills during the instrumental section of the song.
While the first clip did air on US television (such as on The Ed Sullivan Show and Hollywood Palace in late November of 1967), British television refused to air it because of the June 1966 Musicians’ Union miming ban, as mentioned above. The stereo mix was created on November 6th, 1967 in the control room of EMI Studio Three by the team of Martin, Emerick and 2nd engineer Ken Scott. It only took two attempts, the second one doing the trick.
They then went on to create stereo mixes for previously recorded “ Magical Mystery Tour” songs, “ I Am The Walrus” being a much more complicated task! The filming of the television program “Magical Mystery Tour” was complete on November 3rd, 1967 but a week later, on November 10th, they still had the filming bug and created a colorful and imaginative video sequence to promote their latest single “Hello Goodbye. ” As was the case for “MMT,” Paul took the lead in putting this promo together. “I directed the promo film we made for ‘Hello, Goodbye,’” Paul relates in the book “ Beatles Anthology.
” “Directing a film is something that everyone always wants to get into. It was something I’d always been interested in until I actually tried it. Then I realized it was too much like hard work.
Someone summed it up when they said: ‘There’s always someone arriving saying: “Do you want the gold pistols or the silver pistols?”’ Then you think: ‘Um, um…’ There was so much of that going on – so many decisions to be made – that I ended up hating it. I didn’t really direct the film – all we needed was a couple of cameras, some good cameramen, a bit of sound and some dancing girls. I thought, ‘We’ll just hire a theater and show up there one afternoon.
’ And that’s what we did: we took our ‘ Sgt. Pepper’ suits along and filmed at the Saville Theater in the West End. ” October 25th, 1967, was the day that Paul finally overdubbed his bass guitar to the song.
This was done in EMI Studio Two sometime in the later hours of this 7 pm to 3 am session. After mono mixing and editing of “ The Fool On The Hill” took place, a third tape reduction needed to be made to what was still entitled “Hello Hello” to free up space for the bass guitar. After three attempts at this tape reduction, Paul took his usual concentration to perfect an appropriate bass guitar performance to what was now “take 21” of “Hello Hello.
” An interesting feature of this first clip is the extremely small drum set Ringo was playing. “Starr used a small child-size kit in white pearl finish for this first clip,” states Andy Babiuk’s book “ Beatles Gear. ” “Gerry Evans, then manager of London’s Drum City store, was asked to supply the tiny kit for the filming, and his recollection recently was that it may have been a Trixon-brand outfit.
” Bill Turner’s estimation of “Hello Goodbye” as being “a bit repetitious” may appear warranted, but upon critical inspection, there is a lot to assimilate here, especially in regards to the arrangement and production. The song may be comprised of a quite simple structure, namely ‘verse/ refrain/ verse/ refrain/ verse (instrumental)/ refrain/ verse/ refrain/ outro 1/ outro 2’ (or ababababcd), but Paul, George Martin and the rest of the boys add in enough goodies to reveal a cornucopia of sounds for the listeners enjoyment. Sometime between April 1st and May 18th, 2002, Paul McCartney and his band recorded a live performance of the song which was released on the American album “Back In The US” as well as (for the rest of the world) the album “Back In The World.
” As for live performances of “Hello Goodbye,” Paul put it to some good use. He touched on the song during his “World Tour,” which spanned from September 26th, 1989 to July 29th, 1990, only performing the “Maori Finale” as an appropriate conclusion to his current single “Put It There. ” (This can be heard on the live albums “Tripping The Live Fantastic” and the US version of “ Tripping The Live Fantastic: Highlights!”) His “Driving World” tour, running from April 1st to November 18th, 2002, featured the entire “Hello Goodbye” as his opening song, as did his “Back In The World” tour, which spanned from March 25th to June 1st, 2003.
He periodically opened his shows with the song during his “Up And Coming” tour, which ran from March 28th, 2010 to June 10th, 2011, as well as during his “On The Run” tour from July 15th, 2011 to November 29th, 2012. During the January 1969 rehearsals at Apple Studios for what became the "Let It Be" album and film, "Hello Goodbye" came up in a couple different ways. First, on January 24th, they touched on the song in between practicing many newer compositions, such as putting in a good amount of effort constructing the acoustic arrangement for the song "Two Of Us.
" Then, on January 31st, John so liked the “Maori Finale” of “Hello Goodbye” that he decided to whistle the “ Hayla, Heba Helloah” melody line during the similarly reprised ending of “Two Of Us. ” This can easily be heard on both the released recording and the “Let It Be” movie. “In the second clip,” continues the book “The Beatles Chronicle,” “with the same instrumental line-up…the group were filmed wearing their everyday clothes, performing in front of a pastoral backcloth.
Again, the Hawaiin-style dancers came on for the coda. ” Ringo is now seen with his standard regular size Ludwig drums with the “Beatles” logo on the bass drum head. “The best bit was at the end,” John recalled in 1980, “where I played the piano.
Like ' Ticket To Ride,' where we just threw something in at the end. " The Beatles were very keen on trick endings during the final years of their career, “ Strawberry Fields Forever,” “ Helter Skelter,” “Sgt. Pepper’s Inner Groove” and “ Her Majesty” being prime examples.
However, this practice did not become redundant because of their imaginative way of creating the unexpected. This being Paul’s baby, his vocal work is top-notch as is his bass and piano playing (not to mention conga drums). Ringo’s drum work is dutifully carried out, giving the impression that he very much enjoyed this track.
The entirety of George’s guitar work did not make the final mix, but his presence is definitely felt, not to mention his enthusiastic background vocal delivery and tambourine playing. John’s main instrument is keyboards on this song, organ during the main section and piano in the final section. His distinctive background vocals are a characteristic of the song which adds to The Beatles camaraderie felt by the listener.
Three color 35mm film clips were made on this day at the Saville Theater, which was still leased by NEMS Enterprises after the recent death of manager Brian Epstein. The book “ The Beatles Chronicle” describes the details of the work done on this day “with different costumes, antics and backcloths to distinguish one from another. In clip number one…The Beatles wore their ‘ Sgt.
Pepper’ uniforms, Paul playing electric bass guitar, George playing electric lead guitar, John (not wearing his glasses) an acoustic guitar, and Ringo playing the drums…This was filmed in front of what could be called a ‘Psychedelic’ backcloth. This clip also contained cutaways to all four Beatles wearing their 1963 collarless suits and wavaing to the camera, and featured a number of local dancing girls dressed Hawaii-style (grass skirs, flower-garlands) who came on to jig around The Beatles and jollify the ‘Maori Finale’ section. ” On October 2nd, 1967, The Beatles entered EMI Studio Two at around 10 pm to begin Paul’s new composition “Hello Goodbye.
” First on the agenda, however, was creating a mono mix of their previously recorded song “ Your Mother Should Know,” undoubtedly overseen by The Beatles themselves. With this complete, the band worked at recording the rhythm track for this new composition, which was named “Hello Hello” at this point. The next day, November 2nd, 1967, Paul recorded that final overdub in EMI Studio Three in a session that ran from 2:30 to 6 pm.
The final overdub was a second bass guitar part. With this complete, the recording staff of George Martin, Geoff Emerick and 2nd engineer Jeff Jarratt (no doubt with Paul’s input) created the mono mix which made it to release around the world. Six attempts were made from the final “take 22,” the sixth mono mix being deemed “best.
” The third verse is, for all sakes and purposes, an instrumental verse with the violas playing a winding and jumping melody line as fleshed out by Paul on the piano that day, while Ringo plods away with some impressive drum fills which comprise the first eight measures. Starting with the fourth measure, Paul can’t resist but to add some highly reverberated vocal gymnastics into the mix. Ringo, who’s then on a roll, adds some nice drum fills to the final three measures this time instead of just sitting back as he did in the previous verses.
A third refrain is then heard which is mostly identical to the first refrain instrumentally, right down to the return of George’s distorted lead guitar lines. One final mono mix of “Hello Goodbye” was made on November 15th, 1967, but not for the purpose of release on record. The group had filmed three promotional films for the song for distribution to various television shows and it was deemed necessary to dub in a new mix of the song onto these clips without the violas.
The book “The Beatles Recording Sessions” explains: “It was later realized that, in Britain, these (films) might contravene the Musicians’ Union ban on miming. Since the viola players were not shown in the films – making the miming transparently obvious – this remix was made and dubbed onto the BBC’s copy. It was a wasted task however, for The Beatles’ own miming could not be masked and consequently the film was not show in the UK.
” It appears that George Martin had not prepared a score ahead of time for these musicians to play. “Paul McCartney was doodling at the piano,” remembers Leo Birnbaum in the book “ The Beatles Recording Sessions,” “and George Martin was sitting next to him writing down what Paul was playing. ” And what were the rest of The Beatles doing? Ken Essex recalls, “All of The Beatles were there.
One of them was sitting on the floor in what looked like a pajama suit, drawing with crayons on a piece of paper. ” The studio musicians were booked from 8 to 11 pm but, since “ The Fool On The Hill” needed to be recorded first as well as them needing to write out the music these musicians were going to play, their duties weren’t complete until 2:30 am, resulting in them both being paid double-time. Documentation shows that the lights weren’t actually turned off, however, until 3:45 am that early morning.
Sometime in 1995, the song was returned to by George Martin and Geoff Emerick to create an interesting version of the song for release on the album “ Anthology 2. ” While no overdubbed bass parts are heard in this version, guitar parts played by George which were left out of the final mix, including a sour note here and there, were included. Two and a half weeks later, October 19th, 1967, is when they got around to the overdubbing process onto “take 16” of what was still referred to as “Hello Hello.
” At 7 pm or thereafter, the group entered EMI Studio One and began by having George overdub two different lead guitar parts. Paul then proceeded to add his lead vocals, which were treated to reverb in some spots and then double-tracked in other spots. John and George then added their backing vocals, including some hand-clapping along the way.
Ringo then adds some maracas into the mix while Paul puts in a performance on conga drums. John also apparently added some piano work of his own on this day during the “Maori Finale” of the song. After this all was complete, there was a need to make another tape reduction since that new tape was now full.
This reduction now brought the song to “take 17. ” The session wrapped up this time at 3:30 am the following morning. The rhythm track consisted of Paul on piano, John on organ, Ringo on drums and George on tambourine.
Most sources site Ringo as playing the tambourine but, since no overdubs were performed on this day and the tambourine is present on this days’ tape as well as the drums, George must have played the tambourine on this guitar-less rhythm track. Fourteen attempts were made of the rhythm track, the final take (take 14) being deemed the best. Then, sometime in 2005, George Martin and his son Giles Martin included the “Maori Finale” of the song in their newly created mix of “ Strawberry Fields Forever” as included in the 2006 released album “ Love.
" Giles Martin returned to the song again in 2015 with Sam Okell in Abbey Road Studios to create a new stereo mix for inclusion on the re-release of the compilatoin album "Beatles 1. ” The second refrain is then heard which features background harmonies from John and George singing the ascending and descending guitar runs that George played during the last refrain, repeating the title of the song over and over to fill out the notes. The instrumentation on this refrain is similar to the first except for the absence of the lead guitar and the addition of a couple of handclaps in the last measure.